Understanding HRA Exemption in the New Tax Regime for FY 2022-23

HRA exemption 2023

The financial year 2022-23 brought with it significant changes in the Indian income tax regime. One of the key areas that taxpayers often focus on is the exemption of House Rent Allowance (HRA). The HRA exemption is a valuable benefit for salaried individuals who live in rented accommodation and can significantly reduce their taxable income. In this article, we will explore the HRA exemption in the new tax regime for FY 2022-23 and understand the rules and conditions associated with it.

The New Tax Regime

The new tax regime introduced in the Union Budget 2020 offers a simplified and reduced income tax structure with lower tax rates but limited exemptions and deductions. Taxpayers can choose between the old tax regime, which allows various exemptions and deductions, or the new tax regime, which offers reduced tax rates with minimal deductions.

House Rent Allowance (HRA) Exemption in the New Tax Regime

In the new tax regime, HRA is still eligible for an exemption, although the rules and calculations remain unchanged. Here’s how the HRA exemption works in the new tax regime:

HRA exemption

  1. Eligibility Criteria: To claim HRA exemption, you must be a salaried individual receiving HRA as a part of your salary package. You must also be living in a rented accommodation and paying rent.
  2. Calculation of Exemption: The HRA exemption is calculated as the least of the following three amounts: a. The actual HRA received. b. 50% of your basic salary if you live in a metro city (Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, or Chennai), or 40% if you live in a non-metro city. c. Actual rent paid minus 10% of your basic salary.
  3. Metro City Classification: The classification of a metro city is essential in determining the percentage of basic salary used for the exemption calculation. Ensure that your city of residence is categorized correctly.
  4. Proof of Rent Paid: To claim the HRA exemption, you must provide proof of rent paid, such as rent receipts, a rent agreement, or any other document specified by your employer.
  5. No Home Ownership: You cannot claim HRA exemption if you own a house in the city where you work or live. However, if you live in a different city from your workplace, you can claim HRA for the city of residence.

Certainly, let’s delve further into some additional considerations regarding HRA exemption in the new tax regime for FY 2022-23:

  1. Income Tax Slabs in the New Regime: In the new tax regime for FY 2022-23, the income tax slabs are as follows:
    • Nil tax for individuals with an annual income up to ₹2.5 lakh.
    • 5% tax for income between ₹2.5 lakh and ₹5 lakh.
    • 20% tax for income between ₹5 lakh and ₹10 lakh.
    • 30% tax for income above ₹10 lakh.
  2. Impact of HRA on Tax Liability: The HRA exemption can substantially reduce your taxable income, thereby lowering your overall tax liability. Depending on your salary structure and the city you reside in, the HRA exemption can result in significant tax savings.
  3. Proof of Rent Payment: To claim the HRA exemption, you must provide documentary evidence of rent payments. This includes rent receipts, rent agreement, and other relevant documents. It is crucial to maintain accurate records and submit them to your employer as per their requirements.
  4. Submission Deadline: Ensure that you submit the necessary documents to your employer in a timely manner, as they will consider the HRA exemption while calculating your tax liability. Failing to do so may result in higher tax deductions at source.
  5. Investment Opportunities: The new tax regime discourages tax-saving investments and deductions. Therefore, while the HRA exemption can reduce your taxable income, you may miss out on other tax-saving benefits that the old regime offers. Consider your overall financial goals and tax-saving needs when making a decision.

Choosing Between the Old and New Regime

When it comes to claiming HRA exemptions, taxpayers need to consider their overall financial situation and the impact of choosing the new tax regime versus the old one. In the old regime, while you have access to various exemptions and deductions, you may face higher tax rates. In contrast, the new regime offers lower tax rates but limits your access to exemptions and deductions. Therefore, before deciding which regime to opt for, it’s crucial to calculate your tax liability under both scenarios.


The HRA exemption remains a valuable tax benefit for salaried individuals in the new tax regime for FY 2022-23. While the rules and calculations for HRA exemption are consistent, taxpayers should carefully assess their individual financial situations to determine which tax regime is more beneficial for them. It’s advisable to consult a tax advisor or financial planner to make an informed decision and maximize your tax savings while staying compliant with the latest tax regulations.