India Monsoon Budget 2024 – 25 Highlights – Nirmala Sitharaman

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Budget 2024 - 2025

The Monsoon Session of Parliament witnessed the presentation of the Monsoon Budget 2024, a crucial financial outline aimed at addressing the immediate and long-term needs of the country. The budget 2024, presented by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, focuses on bolstering infrastructure, enhancing social welfare, promoting sustainable growth, and strengthening the agricultural sector. Here are the key highlights:

Monsoon Budget-2024 Highlights

1. Monsoon Budget 2024 Boost Agricultural Sector

The budget 2024 places significant emphasis on the agricultural sector, which is the backbone of the Indian economy, especially during the monsoon season.

  • Increased MSP (Minimum Support Price): To ensure fair compensation for farmers, the government has increased the MSP for key crops like paddy, wheat, and pulses.
  • Irrigation Projects: A substantial allocation has been made for the expansion of irrigation facilities, ensuring water availability even in drought-prone areas.
  • Farmers’ Welfare Fund: A dedicated fund has been created to support farmers affected by natural calamities, ensuring timely relief and support.
  • Crop Insurance: Expansion of the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana to cover more crops and regions, aiming to provide better risk coverage to farmers.

2. Infrastructure Development

Infrastructure development continues to be a priority, with substantial investments planned to stimulate economic growth and create job opportunities.

  • Road and Highway Projects: The budget 2024 allocates significant funds for the construction and maintenance of national highways and rural roads, aiming to improve connectivity.
  • Railway Modernization: A major push towards modernizing the Indian Railways with new trains, better facilities, and enhanced safety measures.
  • Urban Infrastructure: Funds have been earmarked for the development of smart cities, urban transportation, and affordable housing projects.
  • Public Transportation: Investment in expanding metro rail networks in major cities and promoting electric vehicles for public transport.

3. Healthcare and Education

Recognizing the importance of healthcare and education, the budget 2024 includes substantial provisions for these sectors.

  • Healthcare Initiatives: Increased funding for the National Health Mission, expansion of the Ayushman Bharat scheme, and setting up of new AIIMS and medical colleges.
  • Education Reforms: Enhanced budget 2024 for the education sector, focusing on digital learning, vocational training, and upgrading school infrastructure. Special initiatives to improve higher education and research facilities.
  • Pandemic Preparedness: Allocations for improving healthcare infrastructure to deal with future pandemics, including stockpiling essential medicines and upgrading hospital facilities.

4. Social Welfare Programs

The government has introduced several measures aimed at improving the social welfare of citizens, particularly the marginalized sections of society.

  • Women Empowerment: Increased allocation for schemes like Beti Bachao Beti Padhao and support for women entrepreneurs through easy access to credit.
  • Support for Senior Citizens: Enhanced pension schemes and healthcare facilities for senior citizens.
  • Employment Generation: Special focus on generating employment through various skill development programs and support for MSMEs (Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises).
  • Housing for All: Expanded funding for the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana to ensure affordable housing for the urban and rural poor.

5. Environment and Sustainability

The budget 2024 underscores the importance of sustainable development and environmental conservation.

  • Green Energy Initiatives: Significant investment in renewable energy projects, including solar and wind power.
  • Afforestation Programs: Allocation for large-scale afforestation and reforestation projects to combat climate change.
  • Water Conservation: Implementation of programs aimed at conserving water and improving water management systems.
  • Pollution Control: Initiatives to reduce air and water pollution through stricter regulations and support for cleaner technologies.

6. Economic Measures

To sustain economic growth and stabilize the economy, several economic measures have been proposed.

  • Tax Reforms: Simplification of tax procedures, rationalization of tax rates, and introduction of measures to increase tax compliance.
  • Ease of Doing Business: Initiatives to improve the business environment, including streamlining of regulations and providing incentives for startups and entrepreneurs.
  • Investment Promotion: Measures to attract foreign direct investment (FDI) and boost domestic investment in key sectors.
  • Support for Digital Economy: Investment in digital infrastructure and promotion of digital payments to drive a cashless economy.

7. Defence and National Security

Recognizing the importance of national security, the budget 2024 includes significant allocations for the defense sector.

  • Modernization of Armed Forces: Investment in modern equipment and technology to enhance the capabilities of the armed forces.
  • Border Infrastructure: Development of infrastructure in border areas to ensure better connectivity and security.

Conclusion

The Monsoon Budget 2024 aims to balance immediate relief measures with long-term growth strategies. With its focus on agriculture, infrastructure, healthcare, education, social welfare, environmental sustainability, economic reforms, and national security, the budget 2024 seeks to create a resilient and inclusive economy. The successful implementation of these measures will be crucial in achieving the desired outcomes and driving the nation towards sustainable development and prosperity.